Lake Manyara National Park is a Tanzanian national park located in between Arusha region and Manyara region, The two administrative regions have no jurisdiction over the parks. The park is governed by the Tanzania National Parks Authority. The majority of the land area of the park is a narrow strip running between the Gregory Rift wall to the west and Lake Manyara, an alkaline or soda-lake, to the east.
The park consists of 330 km2 (130 sq mi) of arid land, forest, and a soda-lake which covers as much as 200 km2 (77 sq mi) of land during the wet season but is nearly nonexistent during the dry season.
In Manyara region Ijue Tanzania has a hospital where medical students and volunteers can work. The hospital is just new opened and offers treatment in all kinds of medical areas. One advantage volunteering in this region is the closeness to the big safari parks in the North of Tanzania.
The entire Region has an area of 51,506 Square Kilometers with a population of 1,517,799 people (2014) having a growth rate of 3.8 %. Of the total square kilometers covered, 49,661 is dry land and the rest ie.1,260 square kilometers are covered by water bodies. The Region is divided into 5 Districts comprising of 6 councils namely Mbulu, Hanang, Simanjiro, Kiteto, Babati District and Babati Town Councils. Babati Town Council is the head quarter of the region.
The Region shares borders with Arusha in the North and Kilimanjaro to the North East; Tanga in the East, and Shinyanga in the West. In the south the region shares frontier with Dodoma and Singida regions.
The main economic activity is agriculture (crop farming and livestock keeping). This sector employs over 83% of the population in the region. Other economic activities include: mining, tourism, fisheries, small scale industries, trade and services, which in totality employ about 17% of the population.
The majority of the ethnic groups includes Iraqw, Maasai, Barbaig, Mbugwe, Rangi and Gorowa. Each of these groups has unique Social-cultural ways of living which could explain the occurrence of certain health related hazards. For example; the Maasai are using specific group division called Laigwanan for decision making and Laibon are foreseers. Most of the ethnic groups are involved in certain practices such as female genital mutilation, prohibiting pregnant mother from consuming some type of food, nomadic lifestyle, early marriage and polygamist.
The Region is serviced by a fairly good network of health facilities. It has a total of 177 heath facilities categorised into 2 regional referral hospitals, 5 district hospitals, 23 Health Centres and 147 dispensaries.
Manyara Regional Referral Hospital
Geographically this hospital is located at Longitudes 3 40’ to 6 0’E and Latitudes 35 and 38 S in the western part of Babati Town along the main tarmac road which joins the two regions; Singida and Arusha.
The hospital was established by virtue of Government Official Gazette Number 367 on 2nd August 2012 and it has been operating as a level II referral centre for all district hospitals in Manyara region and other nearby regions since April 2013. At the moment, its bed capacity is 200 with bed occupancy rate of 75%.
The hospital services are divided into three major areas; Medical, Paramedical, and Non-Medical. The Medical area is comprised of the following departments; Surgery, Orthopaedics and traumatology, Paediatric, Internal Medicine, Obstetricsand Gynaecology, Anaesthesia, Reproductive & Child Health Services, Dental and Ophthalmology.
Paramedical area includes Pharmacy, Laboratory, X-ray unit and Central Sterilization.
Non-Medical area includes Medical records, Accounts, Laundry, procurement and security units.